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БАНК РАБОТ » Английский язык » Английский в медицине. Чтение и перевод текста по теме «Инфекция. Инфекционные заболевания: дифтерия, гепатит, краснуха, ветряная оспа. Пополнение словарного запаса»

Английский в медицине. Чтение и перевод текста по теме «Инфекция. Инфекционные заболевания: дифтерия, гепатит, краснуха, ветряная оспа. Пополнение словарного запаса»

11 дек 2022, 21:41
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Diphtheria is a highly contagious disease which mainly effects the throat. The symptoms are sore throat, fever, headache. There is a whitish patch in the throat and if it spreads to the windpipe, there is difficulty in breathing. The child looks ill and toxic. The disease can lead to many complications of nerves, heart and kidneys, and sometimes an emergency operation (trecheostomy) may have to be done if the windpipe gets blocked with the membrane and the child has difficulty in breathing. The child will have to be hospitalized in an infectious diseases hospital for 3-4 weeks, and then convalescence proceeds at home for a few week more. This disease can be prevented by immunizing child.

Скажите по-английски:
- беловатый налет
- заразное заболевание
- трудности при дыхании
- выглядеть больным
- дыхательное горло
- заболевание можно предупредить.

Ответьте на вопросы.
1. Is diphtheria a contagious disease?
2. What organ affects this disease?
3. What does a diphtheria child look like?
4. How long is the hospitalization?
5. How can you prevent this disease?

This is quite a common disease and every now and then one hears of someone who has jaundice. The disease is acquired by drinking, or eating anything contaminated by hepatitis   virus, which is passed in the infected personʼs stool. 
            The presence of hepatitis is a pointer to the inadequate arrangements of safe water supply and sewage disposal in locality. The virus is very resistant and even boiling does not destroy it. 
            There is fever, loss of appetite, vomiting and pain in the upper abdomen. Loss of appetite and a feeling of being ill is out of proportion of fever. Even the smell or sight of food may make the person sick. In 4-5 days the urine becomes dark in colour, and later the eyes and skin becomes yellow. Gradually, the appetite returns and the fever comes down.
            The child should stay in bed as long as he has fever and feels ill. Once his appetite returns he can play about in the house, but not go out till jaundice has disappeared and he feels quite well. 
            In an acute stage the child should be encouraged to drink sweet drinks such as orange juice. Sugarcane juice is excellent. Sugar is good for recovery of the liver. 
            As the appetite returns ordinary household food can be given but you should cut down on butter, oil, fried food.

Назовите симптомы гепатита по-английски.

«German measles (rubella)»
This is a mild disease with low-grade fever, some pain behind ears due to enlargement of glands, and a mild pinkish rash, which only lasts for a day or two. The whole illness lasts 2-3 days and needs no treatment at all. If, however, a pregnant woman gets German measles during the first 3 months of her pregnancy, there is great danger of the baby being born with some congenital malformation. Under doctorʼs advise it is permissible to have an abortion induced for such an eventuality. Fortunately, most mothers would have already had the infection in the childhood.
One attack of German measles usually gives a lifelong immunity/ although a second attack may occur. A vaccine has now been developed to prevent German measles.

Скажите по-английски
Боль за ушами, красноватая сыпь, беременная женщина, врожденные уродства, в детстве, беременность.
Назовите симптомы краснухи по-английски.

The illness begins with fever, slight headache and listlessness. Within the day or two spots appear on the chest or back, which soon look like small blisters. Such new crops keep appearing for 2-3 days and older ones get scabbed over. 
There is a lot of itching and the child may scratch some of the blisters. Chickenpox is usually a mild disease and there is no particular treatment, except to keep the skin clean and use some smoothening lotion for itching. The itching can also be reviled by bathing a child with a small quantity of soda. Antihistamine syrup to revile itching should be given only under medical advice. 

Скажите по-английски
Слабая головная боль, болезнь средней тяжести, чистая кожа, сыпь появляется на коже, облегчить зуд, может расцарапать.

Назовите симптомы ветряной оспы по-английски.
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